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Alabama 2014/04/01 Ongoing n.a.
Alaska 2010/01/01 Ongoing Cash or vendor payment If unexpected circumstances arise after the initial diversion payment has been issued, and the family has not received the full amount of diversion for which they were initially eligible, supplemental payments may be made to meet the additional short-term needs - up to the total remaining balance.
Arizona 2017/07/01 Ongoing Cash payment Child support payments are passed through to cash assistance grant diversion participants during the three month diversion period. All decisions about diversion must be made by the Policy Support Team. The services coordinator will get the information from the client but the ultimate decisions about whether a diversion grant will be given is made by the Policy Support Team. A participant is not eligible when the unit is employed by a school district, does not have employment during the summer break, and will return to the school district in the fall.
Arkansas 2006/07/01 Ongoing Cash loan
California 2011/07/01 2020/04/30 Cash, vendor payment, or support services Diversion services may be made in the form of cash, vendor, or non-cash services. Diversion has been used to provide payments and services for child and dependent care, clothing, housing deposit, medical expenses, work supports pending receipt of employment income, tools or other items for employment, transportation or to repair automobile, and payment of utility bills. The state requires all counties develop a diversion program. The counties determine the amount of the grant and payment method. If the client decides to pay back a lump sum grant, the county can set the rate of recoupment.
Colorado 2016/04/01 Ongoing Cash payment and support services
Connecticut 2011/08/01 Ongoing Cash payment A unit in a diversion period may be eligible to receive ongoing cash assistance when it has experienced undue hardship. The period of diversion program eligibility is three months starting with the month of Temporary Family Assistance application.
Delaware 1999/10/01 Ongoing Vendor payment If the crisis cannot be alleviated by a single one-time payment, diversion is not an option for the family.
D.C. 2013/03/01 Ongoing Cash or vendor payment Payment is generally made to a vendor. If a vendor payment is not feasible, the payment is made to the applicant. Applicants must complete an Online Work Readiness Assessment, orientation, and Individual Responsibility Plan as a condition of eligibility. If a recipient of cash assistance is qualified for diversion but didn't apply, a case worker will discuss diversion with the applicant, and if appropriate, recommend it over cash assistance. Income gained from a Diversion Payment is excluded from the income eligibility test if the applicant would risk losing his or her job if the Diversion Payment was not provided.
Florida 2013/01/01 Ongoing Cash payment and support services To qualify for diversion applicants must have registered with the Work Program. Linking an applicant to a job is the first option for diversion. A third diversion program, the Cash Severance Program is also available to cash assistance recipients. This payment is made in one lump sum of $1000 and is in place of monthly cash assistance. Recipients are eligible if they meet the following requirements: 1. Are employed and receiving earnings; 2. Are able to verify their earnings; 3. Will remain employed at least six months; and 4. Have received cash assistance for at least 6 consecutive months since October 1996; and 5. Signs an agreement to not receive cash assistance for six months after receipt of diversion payment, unless the individual meets an emergency criteria. If the payment is processed during a month for which temporary cash assistance is received, the payment will not affect the time limit. If the payment is processed during a month for which temporary cash assistance is NOT received, the payment will count as a month of assistance.
Georgia 2015/02/01 Ongoing Cash payment If an applicant obtains a job during the Job Search period they are eligible for Transitional Support Services (TSS). TSS is available to reimburse the cost of childcare, transportation, and incidental expenses to an applicant or recipient. Benefits are available for a period of 6 months beginning with the first month of ineligibility for cash benefits or the month in which the TANF case closes due to employment. Payment for transportation and incidental expenses may be made directly to the vendor or the applicant/recipient if the expenses are pre-approved by the case manager. If the application is denied, recipients of transitional support services will not count toward the applicant's lifetime limit.
Hawaii 2012/01/01 2020/08/23 n.a.
Idaho 2010/01/01 Ongoing Cash payment Eligibility Criteria: (1) a SSN must be provided for all adult family members, (2) the family must have a dependent child or a pregnant woman must be in her last trimester and medically unable to work, (3) the family must live in Idaho and must not have received a TANF payment in the same month from another state, (4) an adult family member must not have quit their most recent employment within 60 days or be on strike, (5) the family must be income eligible for TAFI and have no resources to meet need, (6) the family must not be in a period of TAFI ineligibility, (7) the family must complete a one-time cash agreement, (8) if family received Career Enhancement services or Emergency Assistance, family cannot receive diversion for same episode of need.
Illinois 2010/07/01 Ongoing Cash or vendor payment Cash assistance will be provided to pay for critical items needed to prepare for, find, accept, or continue employment. Supportive services include transportation and child care.
Indiana 2017/09/22 Ongoing n.a.
Iowa 2010/01/01 Ongoing n.a.
Kansas 2016/07/01 Ongoing Cash payment
Kentucky 2010/01/01 Ongoing Vendor payment Payments can only be made to a vendor, but they can be used for utilities, rent, mortgage, insurance, car repair, car purchase or payments, child care, relocation expenses, taxes, licenses, or other goods and services. It CANNOT pay medical expenses or services, cable TV or satellite bills, telephone expenses in excess of basic service or reimburse individuals who paid bills on behalf of the unit. A sanctioned unit may qualify for a diversion payment if his/her current hours of employment would have met the work activities requirement.
Louisiana 2015/07/01 Ongoing n.a.
Maine 2006/09/01 Ongoing Vendor payment No cash payment is made to the family. Vendor payments are authorized after the expense has been confirmed.
Maryland 2016/10/01 Ongoing Cash or vendor payment
Massachusetts 2016/04/01 Ongoing n.a.
Michigan 2015/10/01 Ongoing n.a. Any application where an adult in the unit has been found guilty of an Intentional Program Violation in the last five years is denied the formal diversion option.
Minnesota 2006/01/01 Ongoing Cash or vendor payment, and support services Vendor payments are made to cover housing, utility, and telephone costs during the four-month program. The remainder of the grant is issued as a monthly cash payment. Extensive employment support services are also provided, as described below.
Mississippi 2006/09/01 Ongoing n.a.
Missouri 2016/01/01 Ongoing Cash payment
Montana 2001/07/01 Ongoing n.a.
Nebraska 1997/01/01 Ongoing n.a.
Nevada 2013/01/01 Ongoing Cash payment Support services provided for pre-eligibility work activities don't count toward time limits.
New Hampshire 2008/10/01 Ongoing n.a.
New Jersey 2005/05/01 2019/04/02 Cash payment and support services Participants receive an activity payment and are required to participate in an intensive job search. If the participant secures employment, she or he will also receive a one-time lump sum to pay for child care, transportation and other support services. Smart STEPS Program - Provides financial assistance to individuals otherwise eligible for TANF to assist recipients in obtaining additional education on a full-time basis. It is offered in place of other cash assistance benefits and is open to current TANF recipients who agree to close their cases, former recipients whose cases have closed within the last 12 months, and individuals who are eligible for but not receiving cash assistance. Receipt of Smart STEPS funds do not count towards the 60-month time limit. See also Transitional Benefits record.
New Mexico 2007/11/01 Ongoing Cash payment and support services An applicant who received a diversion payment in another state may not receive cash assistance or a diversion payment in New Mexico for 12 months or the length of the lock out period in the other state, whichever is shorter. Applicants who have received cash assistance in the past must wait at least one month after case closure, or 6 months if case was closed due to sanction, to be eligible for diversion payment.
New York 2006/06/01 Ongoing Cash or vendor payment The Diversion payment is not to be used to pay transportation expenses, child care expenses, costs related to applicant job search, or payments for work-related items. Short-term is defined by the state as 4 months. A diversion payment may be used to pay current rent for a non-recipient if there is a threat of eviction.
North Carolina 2016/03/01 Ongoing Cash payment and support services The following individuals must be excluded from the need standard when calculating the Benefit Diversion amount: individuals who have committed an Intentional Program Violation, are fleeing to avoid prosecution of a felony, are fleeing custody before or after conviction of a felony, have violated a condition of probation or parole, and have been convicted of any felony other than a Class H or I substance abuse felony in North Carolina. Applicants and recipients for TANF must apply for other government benefits for which they may be eligible, including unemployment insurance.
North Dakota 2011/08/01 Ongoing Cash payment and support services Special allowances include: housing/shelter costs; job related expenses (employment, school or training); disaster-related expenses; emergency household needs; and special items of need on a case-by-case basis. Formal diversion: most TANF applicants will qualify for Diversion Assistance before transitioning to TANF. All caretakers receiving Diversion Assistance are required to complete a Diversion Assistance Action Plan and are requested to complete a Diversion Assistance Screening. Most existing TANF rules apply to Diversion Assistance cases. Since the specific crisis or episode of need is usually a result of a temporary reduction or loss of income, once it has been resolved, the Diversion Assistance case will usually close. If the individual is determined to have a recurrent need, the Diversion Assistance case must be closed and eligibility determined under the TANF program. Formal diversion, individuals excluded from having their eligibility determined under Diversion Assistance (instead, likely more appropriate for TANF): 1) a caretaker relative in a child only case; 2) a minor parent and not the head-of-household or a spouse of the head-of-household; 3) an alien who is ineligible to receive assistance due to his or her immigration status; 4) SSI recipient; 5) SSDI recipient; 6) parent providing care for a disabled family member living in the home under certain conditions; 7) parent with a child under the age of 2 months; 8) caretakers who meet the criteria for referral to one of the four Tribal NEW programs; 9) caretaker that is employed at the time of application, and is reasonably expected to fail for excess income when determining eligibility the second prospective month; and 10) kinship care cases.
Ohio 2006/01/01 Ongoing n.a.
Oklahoma 2012/07/01 Ongoing n.a.
Oregon 2009/04/01 Ongoing n.a. An individual at-risk of qualifying for TANF is eligible for support service payments to retain a job when the individual is ineligible for TANF due solely to income. An individual can receive a support services payment if: loss of the job in question would result, within a month, in the individual having income less than the income/payment standard; without the support payment the client would lose the job and with the payment the client would not lose the job; and the person completes the TANF application and provides needed verification so that they can be determined to meet all TANF eligibility requirements with the exception of income. Total support service payments for individuals at-risk of receiving TANF may not exceed 100% of the monthly payment standard.
Pennsylvania 2018/05/19 Ongoing Cash payment To be eligible for Diversion, applicants must be currently employed, or have received earned income from employment within the 90-day period prior to application (in Two-Parent families, only one parent must meet this requirement), or applicants must have received job skills training within the 90-day period prior to application. In addition, the unit must have verified financial needs that, if met, would prevent the family from applying for ongoing TANF. If the demonstrated financial need exceeds the maximum Diversion payment (equal to 3 months of benefits), the family may still receive Diversion payments if they verify that another source will take responsibility for the remaining financial need. The Work Services Component is a job search/job readiness program with temporary cash assistance. It is required of all work-eligible applicants, unless they choose to participate in the Diversion program. TANF applicants who have self-initiated into a vocational educational training activity or are scheduled to begin a self-initiated education/training activity within 30 days of the date the application is received are referred to either the Work Services Component, Career Development Component, or are classified as Work Ready.
Rhode Island 2009/07/01 Ongoing n.a.
South Carolina 2016/10/01 Ongoing n.a.
South Dakota 1998/01/01 Ongoing Cash or vendor payment
Tennessee 2016/09/01 Ongoing Cash payment In 2-parent units, both parents must meet the eligibility criteria to qualify for a diversion payment. A 2-parent unit may receive only 1 diversion payment, even if they are eligible to group as separate units.
Texas 2012/01/01 Ongoing Cash payment Requirements for applying: 1. Must be eligible for a TANF grant of at least $10. 2. May not include a member who is disqualified or has an open TANF activity requirement penalty.
Utah 2012/04/01 Ongoing Cash payment and support services Diversion assistance is not available for two parent households being served by Family Employment Program for Two Parents (FEP-TP), or for households where the primary household member's relationship to the only eligible child(ren) is anything other than parent (natural, adoptive, or step). Individuals who receive diversion are not eligible for any supportive services but are eligible for Y funds for 24 months after financial assistance terminates. Recipients may be eligible for Employment Support Child Care in lieu of FEP child care. Diversion households remain categorically eligible for 24 months of food stamps.
Vermont 2018/05/08 Ongoing Cash payment and support services The diversion services component consists of assessment, case management, referrals, and services.
Virginia 2014/07/01 2020/06/30 Cash or vendor payment Cash payment is provided only if a vendor payment is not possible. The client must have experienced a temporary loss of income in the previous 6 months or a reduction of income in the previous 6 months or a delay in starting to receive income that has resulted in the current one-time emergency. The income that is lost or reduced must be the earned or unearned income of the applicant or other household member who would be part of the assistance unit for TANF purposes or whose income would be considered available to the assistance unit. Client must determine that diversionary assistance will resolve emergency or crisis. If a family is ineligible for TANF due to the 24 or 60 month limit, or not in good standing with the state child support enforcement agency, they are also ineligible for diversion. Citizenship or alien status of each applicant must be verified prior to case approval.
Washington 2016/03/01 Ongoing Cash or vendor payment Payments are usually made directly to the vendor.
West Virginia 2003/04/01 Ongoing Cash payment
Wisconsin 2012/01/01 Ongoing Cash loan The lump-sum payment is a loan to assist with expenses related to obtaining a bona fide job offer or maintaining employment and must be repaid to the state. Self-employment is not permitted. In rare circumstances, the JALs may be approved to cover the costs of rent and security deposits. To be eligible, all applicants must demonstrate an ability to repay the loan in cash through regular months. Repayments are expected within 12 months but may be extended to 24 months. The loan may be paid back in cash or a combination of cash and volunteer community service (valued at the higher of the state or federal minimum wage). Unemployed applicants who are job-ready with no barriers to employment but who need support to find and keep a job may participate in the case management placement for job ready individuals (CMJ). CMJ activities include employment search, career planning and counseling, job readiness/motivation, and life skills. A CMJ participant may be assigned to education and training activities if the attainment of further education would assist an applicant in better employment prospects. CMJ participants are eligible for case management services and supportive services including child care, Job Access Loans, and Emergency Payments. Every 30 days the agency must review the appropriateness of the CMJ placement.
Wyoming 1998/01/01 Ongoing n.a.

For each row in the results table, all of the policies in the record were in place from at least 'Date Policy Begins' to at least 'Date Policy Ends'. For example, if 'Date Policy Begins' is 2012/01/01 and 'Date Policy Ends' is 2012/10/01, the policies in that row were all in effect from at least January 1, 2012 through October 1, 2012. Every row comes from a different 'record' in the database, and a new record is coded whenever any of the policies in that category changes. If the policy that changed is not a policy being examined in a particular query, the results may show two rows for the same state that have identical information other than different (and adjacent) date ranges.

State Indicates the state in which the rules apply.
Date Policy Begins Indicates the date on which the policies begin.
Date Policy Ends Indicates the date on which the policies end.
Coverage Indicates whether the rules apply to a portion of or the entire caseload and captures whether the rules apply to only some counties/regions or the entire state.
Coverage Description Describes the geographic area and/or percentage of the caseload covered by the rules.
Unit Type Describes the type(s) of assistance units to whom the rules apply.
Component Indicates the name of the component for which the given rules apply. Assistance units are divided into components based on the unit's characteristics.
Waiver Name Indicates the waiver name, if the rules are authorized under a waiver.
Program Captures the source of funding for the given rules.
Majority Rule Indicates whether the rules are in effect for a majority of the caseload for a majority of the year. There is only one majority rule record for a given state, year and category.
dv_types Describes the form in which diversion assistance is available, whether a one-time payment, support services, or both.

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Please cite as: Welfare Rules Database Project website, downloaded on October 22 2021 Copyright (C) 2015, The Urban Institute