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  • Activities exemptions

    This category identifies which individuals in an assistance unit are exempt from participating in Activities Requirements. The exemptions reflect the exact description in the states' manuals and/or regulations. If an individual does not have any of the characteristics outlined in these variables, they are considered non-exempt and must participate in the requirements described in the Activities Requirements category.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table III.B.1 Work-Related Activity Exemptions for Single-Parent Head of Unit
    Table L6 Work-Related Exemption When Caring for a Child under X Months (longitudinal)


    Variable Description
    ae_wkhrs Indicates the number of hours per week a unit member must work in an unsubsidized job in order to be considered exempt from Activities Requirements.
    ae_chage Captures the age under which dependent children are exempt from Activities Requirements.
    ae_schag Captures the age under which dependent children currently enrolled in school are exempt from Activities Requirements.
    ae_mpage Captures the age under which parents are exempt from Activities Requirements (captures the exemption of minor parents).
    ae_smpag Captures the age under which parents currently enrolled in school are exempt from Activities Requirements (captures the exemption of minor parents who are attending school).
    ae_illps Indicates whether or not an ill or incapacitated person is exempt from Activities Requirements.
    ae_illct Indicates whether or not a unit member caring for another ill or incapacitated unit member is exempt from Activities Requirements.
    ae_elder Captures the age at which persons are considered exempt from Activities Requirements (captures the exemption of elderly persons)
    ae_prgmo Captures month of pregnancy when a pregnant woman becomes exempt from Activities Requirements.
    ae_cldct Captures persons exempt from Activities Requirements due to caring for children under this age (in months).
    ae_nogcc Captures persons exempt from Activities Requirements due to caring for children under this age (in months) when child care is not guaranteed.
    ae_dvvic Indicates whether or not victims of domestic violence are exempt from Activities Requirements
    ae_othex Captures other reasons a person is exempt from Activities Requirements
    ae_2prnt Captures exemptions outlined above that apply differently to two-parent units, as well as any additional exemptions that are limited to one parent in a two parent family.
    ae_exmp Captures exemptions outlined above that apply differently to minor parent units.
    ae_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Activities requirements

    This category outlines each state's activity/work program exactly as the state manual describes the program. The category includes the rules that require applicants and/or recipients to participate in education, job training, and/or work in order to maintain eligibility or avoid a sanction. There are three major aspects of activities requirements: when is the requirement imposed, who must meet the requirement and what must the recipient and/or applicant do in order to meet the requirement.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table III.B.2 Work-Related Activity Requirements for Single-Parent Head of Unit
    Table III.B.4 Work-Related Activity Requirements for Non-Parent Caretakers and Parents Outside the Unit


    Variable Description
    ar_#1whn Indicates length of assistance allowed before Activities Requirement #1 is imposed
    ar_#1dsc Describes what is required for Activities Requirement #1
    ar_#1who Indicates to which group of non-exempt individuals Activities Requirements #1 applies
    ar_#1hrs Indicates the maximum and/or minimum hours of activity requirement for Activities Requirement #1
    ar_#1bas Indicates whether basic or remedial education are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1hsl Indicates whether high school attendance and or work towards a GED are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1esl Indicates whether English as a Second Language classes are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1pse Indicates whether post-secondary education are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1jst Indicates whether job skills training is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1jrd Indicates whether job readiness activities are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1jdp Indicates whether job development and job placement are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1jbs Indicates whether job search is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1otj Indicates whether on-the-job training is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1uns Indicates whether unsubsidized employment is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1sub Indicates whether work supplementation or subsidized employment are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1cwe Indicates whether Community Work Experience or Alternative Work Experience (CWEP/AWEP) are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1slf Indicates whether self-employment is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1ccp Indicates whether providing child care for others is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1cns Indicates whether counselling is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1lfe Indicates whether life skills training is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1com Indicates whether community service is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1oth Describes any other allowable activities for Activities Requirement #1.
    ar_#1tot Captures the total amount of time a unit may participate in any combination of allowed activities
    ar_#2whn Indicates length of assistance allowed before Activities Requirement #2 is imposed or any other description regarding when Activities Requirement #2 is imposed
    ar_#2dsc Describes what is required for Activities Requirement #2
    ar_#2who Indicates to which group of non-exempt individuals Activities Requirements #2 applies
    ar_#2hrs Indicates the maximum and/or minimum hours of activity requirement for Activities Requirement #2
    ar_#2bas Indicates whether basic or remedial education are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2hsl Indicates whether high school attendance and or work towards a GED are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2esl Indicates whether English as a Second Language classes are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2pse Indicates whether post-secondary education are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2jst Indicates whether job skills training is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2jrd Indicates whether job readiness activities are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2jdp Indicates whether job development and job placement are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2jbs Indicates whether job search is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2ojt Indicates whether on-the-job training is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2uns Indicates whether unsubsidized employment is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2sub Indicates whether work supplementation or subsidized employment are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2cwe Indicates whether Community Work Experience or Alternative Work Experience (CWEP/AWEP) are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2slf Indicates whether self-employment is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2ccp Indicates whether providing child care for others is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2cns Indicates whether counselling is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2lfe Indicates whether life skills training is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2com Indicates whether community service is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2oth Describes any other allowable activities for Activities Requirement #2.
    ar_#2tot Captures the total amount of time a unit may participate in any combination of allowed activities
    ar_#3whn Indicates length of assistance allowed before Activities Requirement #3 is imposed or any other description regarding when Activities Requirement #3 is imposed
    ar_#3dsc Describes what is required for Activities Requirement #3
    ar_#3who Indicates to which group of non-exempt individuals Activities Requirements #3 applies
    ar_#3hrs Indicates the maximum and/or minimum hours of activity requirement for Activities Requirement #3
    ar_#3bas Indicates whether basic or remedial education are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3hsl Indicates whether high school attendance and or work towards a GED are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3esl Indicates whether English as a Second Language classes are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3pse Indicates whether post-secondary education are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3jst Indicates whether job skills training is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3jrd Indicates whether job readiness activities are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3jdp Indicates whether job development and job placement are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3jbs Indicates whether job search is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3ojt Indicates whether on-the-job training is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3uns Indicates whether unsubsidized employment is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3sub Indicates whether work supplementation or subsidized employment are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3cwe Indicates whether Community Work Experience or Alternative Work Experience (CWEP/AWEP) are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3slf Indicates whether self-employment is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3ccp Indicates whether providing child care for others is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3cns Indicates whether counselling is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3lfe Indicates whether life skills training is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3com Indicates whether community service is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3oth Describes any other allowable activities for Activities Requirement #3.
    ar_#3tot Captures the total amount of time a unit may participate in any combination of allowed activities
    ar_#4whn Indicates length of assistance allowed before Activities Requirement #4 is imposed or any other description regarding when Activities Requirement #4 is imposed
    ar_#4dsc Describes what is required for Activities Requirement #4
    ar_#4who Indicates to which group of non-exempt individuals Activities Requirements #4 applies
    ar_#4hrs Indicates the maximum and/or minimum hours of activity requirement for Activities Requirement #4
    ar_#4bas Indicates whether basic or remedial education are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4hsl Indicates whether high school attendance and or work towards a GED are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4esl Indicates whether English as a Second Language classes are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4pse Indicates whether post-secondary education are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4jst Indicates whether job skills training is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4jrd Indicates whether job readiness activities are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4jdp Indicates whether job development and job placement are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4jbs Indicates whether job search is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4otj Indicates whether on-the-job training is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4uns Indicates whether unsubsidized employment is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4sub Indicates whether work supplementation or subsidized employment are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4cwe Indicates whether Community Work Experience or Alternative Work Experience (CWEP/AWEP) are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4slf Indicates whether self-employment is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4ccp Indicates whether providing child care for others is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4cns Indicates whether counselling is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4lfe Indicates whether life skills training is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4com Indicates whether community service is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4oth Describes any other allowable activities for Activities Requirement #4.
    ar_#4tot Captures the total amount of time a unit may participate in any combination of allowed activities
    ar_#5whn Indicates length of assistance allowed before Activities Requirement #5 is imposed or any other description regarding when Activities Requirement #5 is imposed
    ar_#5dsc Describes what is required for Activities Requirement #5
    ar_#5who Indicates to which group of non-exempt individuals Activities Requirements #5 applies
    ar_#5hrs Indicates the maximum and/or minimum hours of activity requirement for Activities Requirement #5
    ar_#5bas Indicates whether basic or remedial education are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5hsl Indicates whether high school attendance and or work towards a GED are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5esl Indicates whether English as a Second Language classes are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5pse Indicates whether post-secondary education are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5jst Indicates whether job skills training is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5jrd Indicates whether job readiness activities are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5jdp Indicates whether job development and job placement are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5jbs Indicates whether job search is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5otj Indicates whether on-the-job training is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5uns Indicates whether unsubsidized employment is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5sub Indicates whether work supplementation or subsidized employment are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5slf Indicates whether Community Work Experience or Alternative Work Experience (CWEP/AWEP) are allowable activities for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5ccp Indicates whether providing child care for others is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5cwe Indicates whether self-employment is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5cns Indicates whether counselling is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5lfe Indicates whether life skills training is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5com Indicates whether community service is an allowable activity for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5oth Describes any other allowable activities for Activities Requirement #5.
    ar_#5tot Captures the total amount of time a unit may participate in any combination of allowed activities
    ar_asign Captures any information available in the manuals concerning policies that place certain types of people in one set of activities instead of another set of activities
    ar_wrqtl Captures whether the state has a "work requirement time limit," defined by the following: After a certain number of assistance months, the state requires the parent/caregiver to work at least 20 hours per week in a "real job" (I.e. subsidized or unsubsidized job, participation in CWEP/AWEP, self employment, or work as a child care provider). Failure to meet this requirement must result in one of the following sanctions to qualify as a "work requirement time limit": removal of the parent/caregiver when calcualting benefits or ineligibility of entire unit. Finally, the failure to meet the requirement is only considered a "work requirement time limit" if the penalty is imposed until compliance or for the lifetime of the unit.
    ar_wrqmo Captures the number of months after which work is required under the "work requirement time limit."
    ar_wrsnc Description of the sanction imposed for not complying with the "work requirement time limit."
    ar_wrsdr Describes the duration off the sanction imposed for not complying with the "work requirement time limit."
    ar_wradd Number associated with the Activities Requirement (in the database) where additional information on the "work requirement time limit" is coded.
    ar_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Activities sanctions

    This category captures the sanctions imposed on non-exempt recipients that do not comply with the activities requirements outlined in the Activities Requirements category.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table III.B.3 Sanction Policies for Noncompliance with Work Requirements for Single-Parent Head of Unit
    Table L7 Most Severe Sanction Policy for Noncompliance with Work Requirements for Single-Parent Adults (Longitudinal)


    Variable Description
    as_worst Describes the worst case sanction for non-compliance with an Activities Requirement
    as_#1why Captures the circumstances under which Activities Sanction #1 is imposed (i.e. Failure of Non-exempt recipients to comply with Activities Requirement #1).
    as_#1cnc Indicates whether or not there is a conciliation process through which participates can correct the situation/problem before Activities Sanction #1 is imposed.
    as_#1bnr Indicates whether or not Activities Sanction #1 results in a reduction of benefits for the unit.
    as_#1dsc Describes the amount of Activities Sanction #1.
    as_#1dur Describes the duration of Activities Sanction #1.
    as_#1fsm Describes the effect of Activities Sanction #1 on the unit's receipt of benefits from other programs, such as Food Stamps, Medicaid and child care subsidy programs.
    as_#2why Captures the circumstances under which Activities Sanction #2 is imposed (i.e. Failure of Non-exempt recipients to comply with Activities Requirement #2).
    as_#2cnc Indicates whether or not there is a conciliation process through which participates can correct the situation/problem before Activities Sanction #2 is imposed.
    as_#2bnr Indicates whether or not Activities Sanction #2 results in a reduction of benefits for the unit.
    as_#2dsc Describes the amount of Activities Sanction #2.
    as_#2dur Describes the duration of Activities Sanction #2.
    as_#2fsm Describes the effect of Activities Sanction #2 on the unit's receipt of benefits from other programs, such as Food Stamps, Medicaid and child care subsidy programs.
    as_#3why Captures the circumstances under which Activities Sanction #3 is imposed (i.e. Failure of Non-exempt recipients to comply with Activities Requirement #3).
    as_#3cnc Indicates whether or not there is a conciliation process through which participates can correct the situation/problem before Activities Sanction #3 is imposed.
    as_#3bnr Indicates whether or not Activities Sanction #3 results in a reduction of benefits for the unit.
    as_#3dsc Describes the amount of Activities Sanction #3.
    as_#3dur Describes the duration of Activities Sanction #3.
    as_#3fsm Describes the effect of Activities Sanction #3 on the unit's receipt of benefits from other programs, such as Food Stamps, Medicaid and child care subsidy programs.
    as_#4why Captures the circumstances under which Activities Sanction #4 is imposed (i.e. Failure of Non-exempt recipients to comply with Activities Requirement #4).
    as_#4cnc Indicates whether or not there is a conciliation process through which participates can correct the situation/problem before Activities Sanction #4 is imposed.
    as_#4bnr Indicates whether or not Activities Sanction #4 results in a reduction of benefits for the unit.
    as_#4dsc Describes the amount of Activities Sanction #4.
    as_#4dur Describes the duration of Activities Sanction #4.
    as_#4fsm Describes the effect of Activities Sanction #4 on the unit's receipt of benefits from other programs, such as Food Stamps, Medicaid and child care subsidy programs
    as_#5why Captures the circumstances under which Activities Sanction #5 is imposed (i.e. Failure of Non-exempt recipients to comply with Activities Requirement #5).
    as_#5cnc Activities sanction #5: Is there a conciliation process that recipient can go through to correct the problem before the sanction goes into effect?
    as_#5bnr Activities sanction #5: Does the sanction result in a benefit reduction?
    as_#5dsc Describes the amount of Activities Sanction #5.
    as_#5fsm Activities sanction #5: Effect of sanction on other programs, including food stamps, Medicaid, and child care.
    as_#5dur Describes the duration of Activities Sanction #5.
    as_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Asset test

    The Asset Test category includes information on the type and amount of assets an assistance unit may hold, including the limit for Individual Development Accounts and the limit on the value of a vehicle.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table I.C.1 Asset Limits for Applicants
    Table IV.A.3 Asset Limits for Recipients
    Table L8 Asset Limits for Recipients (longitudinal)
    Table L9 Vehicle Exemptions for Recipients (Longitudinal)


    Variable Description
    at_unres Indicates the unrestricted asset/resource limit.
    at_restr Indicates the allowable value of assets that can be held for a particular use, often referred to as IDAs (Individual Development Accounts).
    at_rtype Captures the permitted uses of restricted allowable assets.
    at_isida Captures whether the restricted savings account is an Individual Savings Account (IDA).
    at_match Captures the rate at which recipient’s savings are matched by the state or some designated organization.
    at_idawho Describes who matches the funds in recipient’s savings accounts.
    at_vehex Indicates the value of the vehicle that does not count toward the asset limit.
    at_vehva Describes whether the value of a vehicle is assessed in terms of equity or fair market value. Equity value of a car equals the fair market value minus to the amount still owed on the car.
    at_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Benefit computation

    Benefit Computation examines how benefits are calculated for an assistance unit. This category describes the state’s benefit formula, as well as which dollar amounts are used in the formula. It also captures whether a state prorates benefits for assistance units who share a living space with non-recipients. Finally, the category includes information regarding the benefit calculation for assistance units who have recently moved to the state.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table II.A.2 Benefit Determination Policies
    Table II.A.3 Benefit Standards
    Table II.A.4 Maximum Monthly Benefit for a Family of Three with No Income
    Table II.A.5 Maximum Monthly TANF Benefit for a Child-Only Unit with One Child, No Income
    Table L5 Maximum Monthly Benefit for a Family of Three with No Income (Longitudinal)


    Variable Description
    bc_btype Describes how benefits vary between assistance units.
    bc_bform Describes the benefit formula used when a state's benefit varies by net income (as under the traditional AFDC-type program).
    bc_bestd Specifies the dollar amount used as the benefit standard, if the formula described under bc_bform uses a benefit standard.
    bc_bemax Specifies the dollar amount used as the maximum benefit, if the formula described under bc_bform uses a maximum benefit.
    bc_bepct Specifies the percentage used, if the formula described under bc_bform uses a percentage.
    bc_bernd Describes the method used for rounding the benefit.
    bc_minel Describes the minimum benefit required for an assistance unit to be "technically eligible." Technical eligibility means that the assistance unit is treated like an AFDC/TANF family for other purposes (such as Medicaid and Food Stamps eligibility), but does not necessarily receive a cash benefit if its computed dollar value is less than bc_bemin.
    bc_bemin Specifies a state's minimum benefit level. If the benefit computed is less than this amount, the assistance unit will not receive a benefit payment, even though the unit may be technically eligible.
    bc_bflat Indicates the dollar amount used as the benefit, if the state's benefit is a flat dollar amount.
    bc_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Child support

    This category contains information on each state's child support enforcement rules that impact welfare recipients. The variables focus only on the requirements and policies affecting the custodial parent and do not concentrate on license suspension, new-hire reporting, and other rules that affect the non-custodial parent.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table IV.A.2 Treatment of Child Support Income for Recipients


    Variable Description
    cs_coopr Captures what a custodial parent must do in order to cooperate with the child support agency, including establishing paternity, as well as, identifying and locating the noncustodial parent.
    cs_ftgap Captures whether the state uses fill-the-gap policy to provide supplemental payments to assistance units in order for them to be no worse off then if they had received the entire child support payment.
    cs_pasth Captures the amount of child support added to the unit's benefit as a pass-through.
    cs_incme Captures the amount of the child support payment transferred to the unit as unearned income.
    cs_dsrgd Identifies the amount of the child support transferred as unearned income that is disregarded.
    cs_asure Indicates whether the state ensures that every assistance unit with a child support enforcement order receives their payment every month regardless of whether any support is collected on the family's behalf.
    cs_asdsc Describes the states child support assurance program.
    cs_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Child support sanctions

    The child support sanctions category includes information on sanctions resulting from the failure to meet child support cooperation requirements.
    [Full category documentation]



    Variable Description
    ss_worst Describes the most severe penalty imposed as a result of failing to meet child support cooperation requirements. The worst case sanction variable includes a description of the sanction and, if relevant, the duration of the sanction.
    ss_#1why Captures why child support sanction #1 is imposed on the unit.
    ss_#1cnc Captures whether child support sanction #1 can be avoided through a conciliation process.
    ss_#1bnr Identifies whether child support sanction #1 reduces the unit's benefit.
    ss_#1dsc Describes the amount of child support sanction #1.
    ss_#1dur Describes the duration of child support sanction #1.
    ss_#1fsm Describes the effect of child support sanction #1 on the unit's receipt of Food Stamps, Medicaid, and/or child care.
    ss_#2why Captures why child support sanction #2 is imposed on the unit.
    ss_#2cnc Captures whether child support sanction #2 can be avoided through a conciliation process.
    ss_#2bnr Identifies whether child support sanction #2 reduces the unit's benefit.
    ss_#2dsc Describes the amount of child support sanction #2.
    ss_#2dur Describes the duration of child support sanction #2.
    ss_#2fsm Describes the effect of child support sanction #2 on the unit's receipt of Food Stamps, Medicaid, and/or child care.
    ss_#3why Captures why child support sanction #3 is imposed on the unit.
    ss_#3cnc Captures whether child support sanction #3 can be avoided through a conciliation process.
    ss_#3bnr Identifies whether child support sanction #3 reduces the unit's benefit.
    ss_#3dsc Describes the amount of child support sanction #3.
    ss_#3dur Describes the duration of child support sanction #3.
    ss_#3fsm Describes the effect of child support sanction #3 on the unit's receipt of Food Stamps, Medicaid, and/or child care.
    ss_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Components

    This category summarizes the components in effect in a given state for a given year. Components exist in a state if the state divides its caseload into mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive groups that are treated differently across more than one category of rules. Furthermore, the definitions of the groups involve more than one characteristic, eliminating the possibility of coding the different groups using the Unit Type variable.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table Appendix 1 Component Description


    Variable Description
    co_1name Indicates the name of Component 1 as given by the state.
    co_1desc Indicates who may/must participate in Component 1 and provides a brief description of the component members' requirements.
    co_1time Describes how long an assistance unit may participate in Component 1.
    co_2name Indicates the name of Component 2 as given by the state.
    co_2desc Indicates who may/must participate in Component 2 and provides a brief description of the component members' requirements.
    co_2time Describes how long an assistance unit may participate in Component 2.
    co_3name Indicates the name of Component 3 as given by the state.
    co_3desc Indicates who may/must participate in Component 3 and provides a brief description of the component members' requirements.
    co_3time Describes how long an assistance unit may participate in Component 3.
    co_4name Indicates the name of Component 4 as given by the state.
    co_4desc Indicates who may/must participate in Component 4 and provides a brief description of the component members' requirements.
    co_4time Describes how long an assistance unit may participate in Component 4.
    co_5name Indicates the name of Component 5 as given by the state.
    co_5desc Indicates who may/must participate in Component 5 and provides a brief description of the component members' requirements.
    co_5time Describes how long an assistance unit may participate in Component 5.
    co_inter Captures any information regarding how each of the components relate to the others, as well as how units move between components (if applicable).
    co_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Contracts and agreements

    This category fulfills a dual purpose. First, it identifies whether a state has a formal contract, agreement, or plan with recipients. If so, this category outlines the requirements included in that agreement. In addition, this category provides a summary of a state's behavioral requirements.
    [Full category documentation]



    Variable Description
    ca_exist Describes whether or not a state has a formal, written agreement listing the recipient's responsibilities.
    ca_signd Indicates whether or not the recipient must sign the agreement.
    ca_negtd Indicates whether or not the recipient is involved in the development of the agreement.
    ca_pnlty Indicates the worst case penalty for not entering into the agreement, not the penalty for non-compliance with particular items in the agreement.
    ca_agnme Indicates the name of the agreement, as designated in the state manual.
    ca_tlinc Indicates whether or not a time limit provision is included in the contract/agreement for at least some of the state's recipients.
    ca_tlreq Indicates whether or not at least some recipients are subject to a time limit. Details regarding the time limit policy are found in the Time Limit category.
    ca_mpinc Indicates whether or not a minor parent residency requirement provision is included in the contract/agreement for at least some of the state's recipients.
    ca_mpreq Indicates whether or not minor parents are required to live with an adult or in some approved living arrangement. Details regarding the minor parent residency requirement policy are found in the Eligibility of Minor Parents category.
    ca_csinc Indicates whether or not cooperation with child support enforcement is included in the contract/agreement for at least some of the state's recipients.
    ca_csreq Indicates whether or not cooperation with child support enforcement is required in the state. Details regarding the cooperation with child support enforcement policy are found in the Child Support category.
    ca_dginc Indicates whether or not drug and alcohol screening and/or treatment is included in the contract/agreement for at least some of the state's recipients.
    ca_dgreq Indicates whether or not drug and alcohol screening and/or treatment is required in the state. Details on this policy are captured in the corresponding notes variable.
    ca_iminc Indicates whether or not immunization and/or health screening provisions are included in the contract/agreement for at least some of the state's recipients.
    ca_imreq Indicates whether or not immunizations and/or health screenings are required in the state. Details regarding immunization and health screening policies are found in the Immunization and Health Screening Requirements category.
    ca_sainc Indicates whether or not school attendance and/or parental involvement provisions are included in the contract/agreement for at least some of the state's recipients.
    ca_sareq Indicates whether or not school attendance and parental involvement are required in the state. Details regarding school requirements for parents and children are found in the School Policies for Dependent Children and Minor Parents Activities Requirements and Bonuses categories.
    ca_ptinc Indicates whether or not parenting classes and/or family skills training sessions are included in the contract/agreement for at least some of the state's recipients.
    ca_ptreq Indicates whether or not parenting classes and/or family skills training sessions are required in the state. Details on this policy are captured in the corresponding notes variable.
    ca_othin Indicates whether or not other requirements (than those specifically listed) are included in the agreement.
    ca_othrq Indicates whether or not the other requirements referred to in "Other requirements: Included in Agreement" and detailed in the corresponding notes variable are required in the state. Details on this policy are captured in the corresponding notes variable.
    ca_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Countable income

    The Countable Income category examines the kinds of income that are counted in determining eligibility and benefits. Specifically, it covers the treatment of interest income, dividend income, EITC income, lump sum income and casual/inconsequential income.
    [Full category documentation]



    Variable Description
    ci_inter Describes the treatment of interest income when determining a unit's eligibility and benefit.
    ci_divnd Describes the treatment of dividend income when determining a unit's eligibility and benefit.
    ci_eitcr Describes the treatment of EITC (Earned Income Tax Credit) when determining a unit's eligibility and benefit.
    ci_lstyp Indicates the types of lump sum income receiving special treatment when determining a unit's eligibility and benefit.
    ci_lmpsm Describes the treatment of lump sum income when determining an assistance unit's eligibility and benefit.
    ci_lslos Indicates the maximum number of lost months of eligibility due to lump sum income.
    ci_casin Describes the treatment of casual or inconsequential income when determining an assistance unit's eligibility and benefit.
    ci_defqt Describes the definition of quarter when determining disregard for casual or inconsequential income.
    ci_exoth Describes the treatment of other types of unearned income.
    ci_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Deemed income

    Deemed Income outlines the deeming process for stepparents, grandparents who live in the household and grandparents who live outside of the household. In general, only the income of assistance unit members is used to determine the unit's eligibility and benefit. But under certain circumstances, income from persons outside of the assistance unit is "deemed" available to the unit (regardless of whether or not it is in fact available). This "deemed" income is added to the unit's own income when determining eligibility and benefits.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table I.D.1 Treatment of Grandparent Income
    Table I.D.2 Treatment of Stepparent Income
    Table I.D.3 Treatment of Income and Assets of Nonparent Caretakers
    Table I.E.3 Eligibility Standards


    Variable Description
    di_spwho Describes to whom a step-parent's income is deemed, if at all.
    di_spal1 Describes the initial allocation of a stepparent's income (income stepparents can keep).
    di_spa2w Captures the percent value of W in the second allocation (income stepparents can keep): The allocation equals W% of X dollar amount for Y non-unit people up to maximum amount, Z.
    di_spa2x Captures the value of X in the second allocation (income stepparents can keep): The allocation equals W% of X dollar amount for Y non-unit people up to maximum Z.
    di_spa2y Captures the value of Y in the second allocation (income stepparents can keep): The allocation equals W% of X dollar amount for Y non-unit people up to maximum Z.
    di_spa2z Captures the value of Z in the next allocation (income stepparents can keep): The allocation equals W% of X dollar amount for Y non-unit people up to maximum amount, Z.
    di_spoth Describes any additional allocation of a stepparent's income (income stepparents can keep).
    di_ghdmd Captures whether or not the income of grandparents in the household is deemed.
    di_ghal1 Describes the initial allocation applicable to grandparents in the household (the portion of the grandparent's income they are allowed to keep/the portion of the income not deemed).
    di_gha2w Captures the percent value of W in the second allocation applicable to grandparents in the household (income grandparents can keep): The allocation equals W% of X dollar amount for Y non-unit people up to maximum amount, Z.
    di_gha2x Captures the value of X in the second allocation applicable to grandparents in the household (income grandparents can keep): The allocation equals W% of X dollar amount for Y non-unit people up to maximum amount, Z.
    di_gha2y Captures the value of Y in the second allocation applicable to grandparents in the household (income grandparents can keep): The allocation equals W% of X dollar amount for Y non-unit people up to maximum amount, Z.
    di_gha2z Captures the value of Z in the second allocation applicable to grandparents in the household (income grandparents can keep): The allocation equals W% of X dollar amount for Y non-unit people up to maximum amount, Z.
    di_ghoth Describes any additional allocations applicable to grandparents in the household (income grandparents can keep).
    di_godmd Captures whether or not the income of grandparents outside the household is deemed.
    di_goal1 Describes the initial allocation applicable to grandparents outside the household (income grandparents can keep).
    di_goa2w Captures the percent value of W in the second allocation applicable to grandparents outside the household (income grandparents can keep): The allocation equals W% of X dollar amount for Y non-unit people up to maximum amount, Z.
    di_goa2x Captures the value of X in the second allocation applicable to grandparents outside the household (income grandparents can keep): The allocation equals W% of X dollar amount for Y non-unit people up to maximum amount, Z.
    di_goa2y Captures the value of Y in the second allocation applicable to grandparents outside the household (income grandparents can keep): The allocation equals W% of X dollar amount for Y non-unit people up to maximum amount, Z.
    di_goa2z Captures the value of Z in the second allocation applicable to grandparents outside the household (income grandparents can keep): The allocation equals W% of X dollar amount for Y non-unit people up to maximum Z.
    di_gooth Describes any additional allocations applicable to grandparents outside the household (income grandparents can keep).
    di_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Diversion

    Diversion captures whether a state has a formal program to divert eligible applicants or recipients from ongoing welfare receipt and provides details regarding the level of cash payment and support services offered. Although some states employ a variety of strategies to divert applicants from ongoing AFDC/TANF receipt (such as requiring an applicant to participate in job search) only those programs that provide either a cash payment or support services are identified as "diversion programs" in this database.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table I.A.1 Formal Diversion Payments
    Table I.A.2 Mandatory Job Search at Application
    Table L1 Formal Diversion Payments (Longitudinal)


    Variable Description
    dv_exist Indicates whether or not a diversion program exists.
    dv_types Describes the form in which diversion assistance is available, whether a one-time payment, support services, or both.
    dv_bmult Indicates the maximum number of months of benefits provided as a diversion payment, if the diversion benefit amount is a multiple of the monthly assistance benefit.
    dv_bnoth Describes the maximum benefit in text if the diversion payment is not a multiple of the maximum monthly AFDC/TANF benefit.
    dv_$comp Describes any details regarding how the diversion payment is calculated. Information includes whether the state treats earnings differently or uses different disregards in calculating the benefit.
    dv_spsvc Captures any available information on the provision of support services, such as medical care, child care or help in securing employment for units participating in a diversion program.
    dv_$freq Describes the time period for which an assistance unit can receive a diversion payment, as well as the time period after which someone who already received a diversion payment can receive another.
    dv_tmein Describes the length of time an assistance unit must wait before they can receive ongoing AFDC/TANF benefits (not another diversion payment). Diversion payments are designed to steer persons away from ongoing assistance by providing a large benefit. Therefore, those who want to return to AFDC/TANF generally have to wait a specified length of time before they can begin receiving monthly assistance.
    dv_tmlmt Describes whether diversion assistance counts toward time limits and how it is counted.
    dv_jobsr Indicates whether applicants are required to participate in job search activities as a condition of eligibility.
    dv_whorq Describes who is required to participate in job search.
    dv_whoex Describes who is exempt from the job search.
    dv_timsr Describes the timing of job search relative to application submission and processing.
    dv_srfocs Indicates whether the job search is structured (part of a state work program) or individual-focused (applicant looks for work on his or her own).
    dv_whatsr Describes what is required during the job search period.
    dv_srdur Captures the duration of the job search period.
    dv_srsup Describes what support services are available during the job search.
    dv_srcon Describes the consequences if the applicant is noncompliant with the job search requirement.
    dv_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Dollar amounts

    Dollar Amounts captures the financial standards (referred to as dollar amounts) and any special needs amounts used in determining eligibility and benefits for an assistance unit. Under AFDC, these standards included: the need standard, payment standard and maximum benefit.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table I.E.3 Eligibility Standards
    Table II.A.3 Benefit Standards
    Table II.A.4 Maximum Monthly Benefit for a Family of Three with No Income
    Table II.A.5 Maximum Monthly TANF Benefit for a Child-Only Unit with One Child, No Income
    Table L5 Maximum Monthly Benefit for a Family of Three with No Income (Longitudinal)


    Variable Description
    da_name1 Captures the name the state uses to refer to Dollar Amount #1.
    da_v1f01 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #1 for family of 1.
    da_v1f02 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #1 for family of 2.
    da_v1f03 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #1 for family of 3.
    da_v1f04 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #1 for family of 4.
    da_v1f05 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #1 for family of 5.
    da_v1f06 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #1 for family of 6.
    da_v1f07 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #1 for family of 7.
    da_v1f08 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #1 for family of 8.
    da_v1f09 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #1 for family of 9.
    da_v1f10 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #1 for family of 10.
    da_v1f11 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #1 for family of 11.
    da_v1f12 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #1 for family of 12.
    da_name2 Captures the name the state uses to refer to Dollar Amount #2.
    da_v2f01 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #2 for family of 1.
    da_v2f02 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #2 for family of 2.
    da_v2f03 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #2 for family of 3.
    da_v2f04 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #2 for family of 4.
    da_v2f05 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #2 for family of 5.
    da_v2f06 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #2 for family of 6.
    da_v2f07 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #2 for family of 7.
    da_v2f08 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #2 for family of 8.
    da_v2f09 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #2 for family of 9.
    da_v2f10 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #2 for family of 10.
    da_v2f11 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #2 for family of 11.
    da_v2f12 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #2 for family of 12.
    da_name3 Captures the name the state uses to refer to Dollar Amount #3.
    da_v3f01 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #3 for family of 1.
    da_v3f02 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #3 for family of 2.
    da_v3f03 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #3 for family of 3.
    da_v3f04 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #3 for family of 4.
    da_v3f05 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #3 for family of 5.
    da_v3f06 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #3 for family of 6.
    da_v3f07 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #3 for family of 7.
    da_v3f08 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #3 for family of 8.
    da_v3f09 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #3 for family of 9.
    da_v3f10 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #3 for family of 10.
    da_v3f11 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #3 for family of 11.
    da_v3f12 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #3 for family of 12.
    da_name4 Captures the name the state uses to refer to Dollar Amount #4.
    da_v4f01 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #4 for family of 1.
    da_v4f02 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #4 for family of 2.
    da_v4f03 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #4 for family of 3.
    da_v4f04 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #4 for family of 4.
    da_v4f05 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #4 for family of 5.
    da_v4f06 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #4 for family of 6.
    da_v4f07 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #4 for family of 7.
    da_v4f08 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #4 for family of 8.
    da_v4f09 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #4 for family of 9.
    da_v4f10 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #4 for family of 10.
    da_v4f11 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #4 for family of 11.
    da_v4f12 Indicates the value of Dollar Amount #4 for family of 12.
    da_snadd Indicates whether or not a state adds to the dollar amounts for assistance units with special needs.
    da_snamt Describes the circumstances under which an assistance unit receives special needs amounts, as well as the dollar value of the special needs amount, when applicable.
    da_varph Indicates whether the dollar amounts vary based on whether the unit lives in public or subsidized housing.
    da_amtph Describes how the dollar amounts differ for the units that do not pay the total cost of their housing due to public assistance.
    da_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Earned income disregards

    This category outlines the amounts of earned income an assistance unit may deduct when determining eligibility and benefits. The amounts an assistance unit can deduct are referred to as disregards.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table I.E.2 Earned Income Disregards for Income Eligibility Purposes
    Table II.A.1 Earned Income Disregards for Benefit Computation
    Table IV.A.5 Earned Income Disregards for Continuing Income Eligibility Purposes
    Table L4 Earned Income Disregards for Benefit Computation (Longitudinal)


    Variable Description
    ed_edr#1 Specifies the numeric value of the first income disregard. (ed_#1$o% describes whether this value is a dollar amount or a percentage)
    ed_#1$o% Indicates whether Earnings Disregard #1 is a flat dollar disregard or a percent disregard.
    ed_#1use Describes when Earnings Disregard #1 is used.
    ed_#1tme Describes how long an assistance unit qualifies for Earnings Disregard #1.
    ed_#1rge Indicates range of dollar values to which Earnings Disregard #1 applies.
    ed_edr#2 Specifies the numeric value of the second income disregard. (ed_#2$o% describes whether this value is a dollar amount or a percentage)
    ed_#2$o% Indicates whether Earnings Disregard #2 is a flat dollar disregard or a percent disregard.
    ed_#2use Describes when Earnings Disregard #2 is used.
    ed_#2tme Describes how long an assistance unit qualifies for Earnings Disregard #2.
    ed_#2rge Indicates range of dollar values to which Earnings Disregard #2 applies.
    ed_edr#3 Specifies the numeric value of the third income disregard. (ed_#3$o% describes whether this value is a dollar amount or a percentage)
    ed_#3$o% Indicates whether Earnings Disregard #3 is a flat dollar disregard or a percent disregard.
    ed_#3use Describes when Earnings Disregard #3 is used.
    ed_#3tme Describes how long an assistance unit qualifies for Earnings Disregard #3.
    ed_#3rge Indicates range of dollar values to which Earnings Disregard #3 applies.
    ed_ccare Describes whether or not an assistance unit can disregard a portion of its actual child care expenses. Note: States may use other methods of subsidizing child care, such as direct payment of providers for some or all TANF clients. States both with and without child care disregards in their policies may be using these other methods.
    ed_ccage Indicates the age cutoff between the two disregard amounts in cases where the maximum allowable child care disregard varies by the child's age.
    ed_ccmxl Describes the maximum deduction allowed for young children if deduction varies by age. If deduction does not vary by age, the variable describes the maximum deduction for all children.
    ed_ccmxh Describes the maximum deduction allowed for the older children if deduction varies by the child's age.
    ed_ccuse Describes when the child care disregard is used.
    ed_cctme Describes how long an assistance unit qualifies for a child care disregard.
    ed_ccord Describes how the child care disregard fits into the sequence of all other disregards.
    ed_ccptm Describes the child care disregard policy with respect to part-time workers, if applicable.
    ed_ccoth Captures any other useful information about the child care disregard.
    ed_svngs Captures whether a state disregards earnings that are placed directly into savings.
    ed_svdes Describes special disregard for earnings put into savings in month received.
    ed_fmcap Indicates whether or not a state has a special earnings disregard for assistance units affected by a family cap.
    ed_fcdes Describes the earnings disregard for families affected by a family cap.
    ed_tmlmt Captures whether or not a state has a special earnings disregard for those affected by a time limit.
    ed_tldes Describes the earnings disregard for families affected by a time limit.
    ed_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Eligibility by number/type parents

    Eligibility by Number/Type of Parents outlines the eligibility restrictions for certain types of families. Eligibility may be restricted based on the number or type of parents/caretakers.
    [Full category documentation]



    Variable Description
    en_twopt Describes whether two-parent, non-disabled units are eligible.
    en_chprt Describes whether child-only units living with ineligible parents are eligible.
    en_chrel Describes whether child-only units living with ineligible non-parent relatives are eligible.
    en_kincp Describes whether the state has a formalized kinship care program.
    en_kinde Describes the state's formalized kinship care program.
    en_choth Describes whether child living with non-relative caregivers is eligible.
    en_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Eligibility of individual family members

    Eligibility of Individual Family Members describes which family members are part of the assistance unit, given that the unit as a whole is potentially eligible for benefits.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table I.B.4 Stepparent Eligibility
    Table I.B.9 Eligibility Requirements for Children


    Variable Description
    ei_prent Indicates whether it is mandatory or optional to include natural/adoptive parents living in the household as members of the unit.
    ei_depch Indicates whether it is mandatory or optional to include all dependent children living in the household as members of the unit.
    ei_chage Captures the age under which an individual is considered a child without restrictions.
    ei_chres Captured the age under which an individual is considered a child with restrictions, described in ei_chcon.
    ei_chcon Describes the conditions that children under the age in ei_chres must meet in order to be eligible for benefits.
    ei_stprt Indicates whether inclusion of stepparent in the unit is mandatory, optional or prohibited.
    ei_onssi_old Indicates whether SSI recipients are eligible. (old)
    ei_onssi Indicates whether SSI recipients are included in the unit.
    ei_ssiinc Indicates whether SSI recipients included in the unit have their income counted.
    ei_strke Indicates whether persons on strike are eligible.
    ei_drgfl Indicates whether persons convicted of a drug felony are eligible.
    ei_rincl Inclusion in the unit is:
    ei_rmust Those that must be included (when only some are mandatory)
    ei_roptn Those that have an option, when only some have an option
    ei_rprov Those that are prohibited from being included (when only some are prohibited)
    ei_nincl Inclusion in the unit is:
    ei_nmust Those that must be included (when only some are mandatory)
    ei_noptn Those that have an option, when only some have an option
    ei_nprov Those that are prohibited from being included (when only some are prohibited)
    ei_ntsps Is the spouse of a non-parent caregiver included in the unit, when the caretaker is included?
    ei_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Eligibility of pregnant women

    Eligibility of Pregnant Women captures whether pregnant women are eligible and if so, when eligibility begins.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table I.B.1 Eligibility of Pregnant Women with No Other Children


    Variable Description
    ep_asteg Indicates whether pregnant women are ever eligible in the state and whether only the mother's eligible or whether the mother and her unborn child are eligible.
    ep_month Indicates the month of pregnancy during which eligibility begins for a pregnant woman with no other children.
    ep_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility flag


  • Eligibility of two-parent families

    Eligibility of Two-Parent Families captures employment-related eligibility criteria for two-parent, non-disabled families. These criteria include rules regarding employment status and labor force attachment.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table I.B.2 Eligibility Rules for Two-Parent, Nondisabled Applicant Units
    Table IV.A.1 Eligibility Rules for Two-Parent, Nondisabled Recipient Units
    Table L2 Types of Special Restrictions on Two-Parent, Nondisabled Units Eligibility (Longitudinal)


    Variable Description
    tp_maxap Indicates the maximum number of hours a principal earner in a two-parent, non-disabled applicant unit can work and still be eligible for benefits. (The 100 hour rule for applicants).
    tp_maxrc Indicates the maximum number of hours a principal earner in a two-parent, non-disabled recipient unit can work and still be eligible for benefits. (The 100 hour rule for recipients).
    tp_wkhis Captures the required proof of labor force attachment for the principal earner in a two-parent, non-disabled applicant unit in order to be eligible for benefits (The work history rule).
    tp_bwait Captures the length of time the principal earner of a two-parent, non-disabled family must be unemployed in order to receive benefits. (The 30 day waiting period rule).
    tp_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility flag


  • Eligibility of units headed by minor parents

    Eligibility of Units Headed by Minor Parent outlines eligibility rules for units headed by minor parents. This information includes the oldest age a residency requirement is imposed and the acceptable living arrangements that meet the residency requirement.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table I.B.3 Special Rules Imposed on Minor Parent Eligibility


    Variable Description
    em_defmp Describes the state's definition of who qualifies as a minor parent.
    em_agehd Indicates the minimum age at which an unmarried parent can receive benefits as the head of an assistance unit.
    em_rdage Describes the oldest age at which residency requirements are imposed on unmarried parents.
    em_rdprt Indicates whether living with a parent or legal guardian fulfills the minor parent's residency requirement.
    em_rdrel Indicates whether living with an adult relative other than a parent fulfills the minor parent's residency requirement.
    em_rdhme Indicates whether living in an adult supervised home fulfills the minor parent's residency requirement.
    em_rdcvt Indicates whether living with a conservator or legal custodian fulfills the minor parent's residency requirement.
    em_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility flag


  • Family caps

    Family Caps captures whether a state limits the incremental increase in benefits for units which give birth to another child while receiving aid. The category also provides details regarding the percentage by which the incremental benefit is reduced, how long an assistance unit must be on AFDC/TANF to be affected by the family cap and the children that are exempt from the policy.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table IV.B.1 Family Cap Policies
    Table L10 Family Cap Policies (Longitudinal)


    Variable Description
    fc_exist Indicates whether or not the state has a family cap provision.
    fc_1date Specifies the date when family cap policy was first implemented in the state.
    fc_m1mon Describes the number of months following the case opening after which a newborn child is excluded from the assistance unit.
    fc_m2mon Captures the required number of months a family must be off assistance before the capped child can be counted as a member of the unit.
    fc_m3mon Captures the minimum number of months between spells of assistance required for a child born/conceived during a period of non-receipt to be included in the unit.
    fc_nonrc Captures whether a child is included as a member of the unit if conceived, born or either during a period of non-receipt.
    fc_%redc Indicates the percent of the incremental increase in benefits which the family does not receive for the first capped child and each subsequent child.
    fc_chelg Indicates whether the child is included in the unit when determining need.
    fc_chinc Indicates whether the state excludes the "capped" child's income (e.g. child support) when determining eligibility for the unit.
    fc_rpinc Indicates whether a child conceived due to rape or incest is exempted from the family cap.
    fc_chout Indicates whether a "capped" child that moves to another "child-only" unit is exempted from the family cap.
    fc_1minr Indicates whether the state exempts the first births to minor parents from the family cap provision.
    fc_exoth Captures any additional circumstances under which a child is exempt from the family cap.
    fc_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Immunization and health screening policies

    The Immunization and Health Screening category contains information on requirement and sanction policies. The variables include information on both children and adults, although the requirements usually apply only to children.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table III.A.1 Behavioral Requirements


    Variable Description
    im_rqany Captures whether the state has an immunization and/or health screening requirement.
    im_imreq Captures whether the state has an immunization requirement.
    im_imwho Identifies who must receive immunizations.
    im_hsreq Captures whether the state requires annual health checkups.
    im_hswho Identifies who must receive annual health checkups.
    im_rqoth Captures whether other immunization or health screening policies are required.
    im_othex Describes any requirements other than immunizations and regular checkups.
    im_wsanc Describes the most severe penalty imposed on the unit for non-compliance with any other health and/or immunization requirements.
    im_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • In kind income

    In-kind Income captures whether or not a state counts the value of housing assistance and/or food stamps as unearned income for purposes of determining welfare eligibility and benefits.
    [Full category documentation]



    Variable Description
    ik_house Indicates whether a state counts some portion of housing assistance as unearned income in determining eligibility and benefits.
    ik_fstmp Indicates whether a state counts some portion of Food Stamps as unearned income in determining eligibility and benefits.
    ik_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Income and assets of children

    Income and Assets of Children indicates whether the income, earned and unearned, of children in an assistance unit is excluded when determining the unit’s eligibility or benefit. In states where children’s income receives special treatment, details are provided concerning the specific type of children involved and the length of time their income is excluded.
    [Full category documentation]



    Variable Description
    ic_sptmt Indicates which type of children, if any, receive special treatment with regard to their earned income.
    ic_elmon Indicates the number of months per year earnings of the children described in ic_sptmt are excluded when determining eligibility.
    ic_bnmon Indicates the number of months per year earnings of the children described in ic_sptmt are excluded when determining an assistance unit's benefit.
    ic_summr Captures whether a child's summer earnings are disregarded.
    ic_trsav Captures how a child's savings are treated when determining an assistance unit's eligibility and benefit.
    ic_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Income eligibility tests

    Income Eligibility Tests outlines the details of any income eligibility tests in a state, including gross income tests, net income tests, gross earnings tests, net earnings tests or unearned income tests.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table I.E.1 Income Eligibility Tests for Applicants
    Table I.E.3 Eligibility Standards
    Table I.E.4 Maximum Income for Initial Eligibility for a Family of Three
    Table IV.A.4 Income Eligibility Tests for Recipients
    Table IV.A.5 Earned Income Disregards for Continuing Income Eligibility Purposes
    Table IV.A.6 Maximum Income for Ongoing Eligibility for a Family of Three
    Table L3 Maximum Income for Initial Eligibility for a Family of Three (Longitudinal)


    Variable Description
    et_gsinc Indicates whether the state has any test that compares gross income (unearned income plus earned income without disregards) to an income threshold.
    et_gits% Describes the percent by which the threshold is multiplied for the gross income test.
    et_githr Indicates the threshold against which gross income is compared.
    et_gsern Indicates whether the state has any test that compares gross earnings (earned income without disregards) to an income threshold.
    et_gets% Describes the percent by which the threshold is multiplied for the gross earnings test.
    et_gethr Indicates the threshold against which gross earnings is compared.
    et_ntinc Indicates whether the state has any test that compares net income (unearned income plus earned income with disregards) to an income threshold.
    et_nits% Describes the percent by which the threshold is multiplied for the net income test.
    et_nithr Indicates the threshold against which net income is compared.
    et_ntern Indicates whether the state has any test that compares net earnings (earned income with disregards) to an income threshold.
    et_nets% Describes the percent by which the threshold is multiplied for the net earnings test.
    et_nethr Indicates the threshold against which net earnings are compared.
    et_unern Indicates whether the state has any test that compares unearned income to an income threshold.
    et_uets% Describes the percent by which the threshold is multiplied for the unearned income test.
    et_uethr Indicates the threshold against which unearned income is compared.
    et_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Minor parent activities and bonuses

    This category is designed to capture activities and school bonuses that apply only to minor parents, as defined by each state. While some states capture activities required of minor parents in their activities/work programs (information coded in the Activities Exemptions, Activities Requirements, and Activities Sanctions categories), other states consider minor parent requirements a separate issues/policy. This category insures that the database captures the requirements specific to minor parents, regardless of their exemption status in the Activities categories. However, these requirements may also be captured in the Activities Requirements categories if the state considers these requirements part of their overall work/activity program.
    [Full category documentation]



    Variable Description
    ma_noged Describes the type of activities required of minor parents who do not have a high school diploma or GED.
    ma_ngdsc Explains any relevant details associated with the activities requirements for minor parents who do not have a high school diploma or GED.
    ma_ngexp Describes the circumstances under which minor parents (who do not have a high school diploma or GED) do not have to meet the requirements described.
    ma_ngsnc Describes the consequences/sanctions for minor parents (who do not have a high school diploma or GED) who do not participate in the required activities.
    ma_hvged Indicates how a minor parent with a high school diploma or GED is treated.
    ma_hgdif Explains activity requirements specific to minor parents with a high school diploma or GED, if different from all individuals descried in Activities Requirements
    ma_hgexp Describes the circumstances under which minor parents (who have a high school diploma or GED) are not required to meet the requirements described.
    ma_hgsnc Describe the consequences/sanctions for minor parents (who have a high school diploma or GED) who do not participate in the required activities.
    ma_bonus Indicates whether the state offers school bonuses to minor parents
    ma_sbwhy Describes the reasons why a minor parent may receive a school bonus
    ma_sbwho Describes which minor parents are potentially eligible for school bonuses
    ma_sbamt Describes the amount of the minor parent's school bonus and any information regarding how often the unit may receive a school bonus
    ma_sboth Captures any additional information on the state's school bonuses for minor parents.
    ma_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Other Non-Parent Caretaker Policies

    This category capures policies of Non-Parent Caretakers.
    [Full category documentation]



    Variable Description
    np_inclinc Captures when the nonparent caretaker is included in the assistance unit, is his or her income counted.
    np_inclasset Captures when the nonparent caretaker is included in the assistance unit, are his or her assets counted.
    np_exclinc Captures When the nonparent caretaker is not included in the assistance unit, is his or her income counted.
    np_exclasset Captures when the nonparent caretaker is not included in the assistance unit, are his or her assets counted.
    np_inclwork Captures when the nonparent caretaker is included in the assistance unit, is he or she required to participate in work activity requirements.
    np_exclwork Captures when the nonparent caretaker is not included in the assistance unit, is he or she required to participate in work activity requirements.
    np_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • School policies for dependent children

    This category includes information on school-related requirements, school-related sanctions and school-related bonuses. All variables in the category only apply to dependent children in the assistance unit.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table III.A.1 Behavioral Requirements


    Variable Description
    sp_screq Captures whether the state has any school requirements.
    sp_attnd Captures whether school attendance is required.
    sp_atdef Explains what the state means by school attendance.
    sp_atwho Captures which children are required to attend school.
    sp_atsnc Captures the minimum and maximum sanction that could be applied to a unit's benefit if they do not comply with the school attendance requirement in the state. The variable also includes the length of time each sanction is imposed.
    sp_prent Captures whether parents are required to be involved in their children's education in any way other than encouraging school attendance.
    sp_ptdef Explains any school-related parental involvement required other than encouraging school attendance.
    sp_ptsnc Captures the minimum and maximum sanction that could be applied to an assistance unit's benefit if they do not comply with the parental involvement requirement in the state. The variable also discusses the length of time each sanction is imposed on the unit.
    sp_achve Captures whether students are required to achieve at least minimum school standards.
    sp_acdef Describes any school achievement requirements.
    sp_acwho Captures the age or grade range of children who must meet school achievement requirements.
    sp_acsnc Captures the minimum and maximum sanction that could be applied to a unit's benefit if they do not comply with the school achievement requirement in the state. The variable also includes the length of time each sanction is imposed on the unit.
    sp_snctn Captures the interaction between sanctions and/or whether the sanctions are imposed simultaneously or consecutively (if the unit is not complying with more than one requirement) .
    sp_bonus Identifies whether any school bonuses are offered for compliance with school requirements.
    sp_bndef Describes what a recipient must do to receive the school bonus (e.g. 'graduation from high school'; 'C average or better').
    sp_bnwho Identifies who is categorically eligible to receive the bonus (e.g. 'All children under 16').
    sp_bnamt Describes the dollar or other value of the school bonus (e.g. '$100'; 'AFDC benefits calculated at 100% of the State's standard of need.') and the amount of time the bonus is allowed (some options are 'One time bonus' or 'monthly benefit increase').
    sp_bnoth Captures any additional information regarding school policies.
    sp_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Time limits

    The Time Limits category describes the various limits that either terminate or reduce an assistance unit's benefits due to the amount of time that they have received aid. Note that time limits which require a unit head to do something in order to continue receiving assistance, such as work activity time limits are not captured in this category. Only time limits that affect the unit's benefit are discussed in this category.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table IV.C.1 State Lifetime Time Limit Policies
    Table IV.C.2 Other State Time Limit Policies
    Table IV.C.3 State Time Limit Exemption Policies
    Table IV.C.4 State Time Limit Extension Policies


    Variable Description
    tl_types Describes which combination of time limits the state employs
    tl_lamos Describes the maximum number of months an assistance unit is eligible for benefits for the Group described in Lifetime Limit A
    tl_lawho Describes the type of assistance units that are affected by Lifetime Limit A.
    tl_lbmos Describes the maximum number of months an asistance unit is eligible for benefits for the group described in Lifetime Limit B
    tl_lbwho Describes the type of assistance units that are affected by Lifetime Limit B
    tl_lcmos Describes the maximum number of months an assistance unit is eligible for benefits for the group described in Lifetime Limit C
    tl_lcwho Describes the type of assistance units that are affected by Lifetime Limit C
    tl_limpl Captures the Lifetime Limit implementation date.
    tl_lwhen Describes when the Lifetime Limit begins for the assistance unit
    tl_lloth Includes any special notes on Lifetime Limits.
    tl_paxmo Captures the number of months (X) an assistance unit may receive benefits in Periodic Limit A. The limit equals X months of assistance allowed during Y months.
    tl_paymo Captures the period (Y) in which the assistance unit may acculmulate benefits in Periodic Limit A. The limit equals X months of assistance allowed during Y months.
    tl_pawho Describes the type of assistance units that are affected by Periodic Limit A.
    tl_pbxmo Captures the number of months (X) an assistance unit may receive benefits in Periodic Limit B. The limit equals X months of assistance allowed during Y months.
    tl_pbymo Captures the period (Y) in which the assistance unit may acculmulate benefits in Periodic Limit B. The limit equals X months of assistance allowed during Y months.
    tl_pbwho Describes the type of assistance units that are affected by Periodic Limit B.
    tl_pcxmo Captures the number of months (X) an assistance unit may receive benefits in Periodic Limit C. The limit equals X months of assistance allowed during Y months.
    tl_pcymo Captures the period (Y) in which the assistance unit may acculmulate benefits in Periodic Limit C. The limit equals X months of assistance allowed during Y months.
    tl_pcwho Describes the type of assistance units that are affected by Periodic Limit C.
    tl_pimpl Captures the Periodic Limit implementation date
    tl_pwhen Describes when the Periodic Limit begins for the assistance unit
    tl_ploth Includes any special notes on Periodic Limits
    tl_waxmo Captures the number of months (X) an assistance unit may receive benefits before ineligible in Benefit Waiting Period A. The limit states, may receive X months of assistance, then ineligble for Y months
    tl_waymo Captures the number of months an assistance unit is ineligble (Y) after receiving benefits for a certain number of months in Benefit Waiting Period A. The limit states, may receive X months of assistance, then ineligible for Y months
    tl_wawho Describes the types of assistance units that are affected by Benefit Waiting Period A.
    tl_wbxmo Captures the number of months (X) an assistance unit may receive benefits before ineligible in Benefit Waiting Period B. The limit states, may receive X months of assistance, then ineligble for Y months
    tl_wbymo Captures the number of months an assistance unit is ineligble (Y) after receiving benefits for a certain number of months in Benefit Waiting Period B. The limit states, may receive X months of assistance, then ineligible for Y months
    tl_wbwho Describes the types of assistance units that are affected by Benefit Waiting Period B.
    tl_wcxmo Captures the number of months (X) an assistance unit may receive benefits before ineligible in Benefit Waiting Period C. The limit states, may receive X months of assistance, then ineligble for Y months
    tl_wcymo Captures the number of months an assistance unit is ineligble (Y) after receiving benefits for a certain number of months in Benefit Waiting Period C. The limit states, may receive X months of assistance, then ineligible for Y months
    tl_wcwho Describes the types of assistance units that are affected by Benefit Waiting Period C.
    tl_wimpl Captures the Benefit Waiting Period implementation date
    tl_wwhen Describes when the the Benefit Waiting Period begins for the assistance unit
    tl_wpoth Includes any special notes on Benefit Waiting Period
    tl_ramos Describes the number of months an assistance unit can receive benefits before their benefit is reduced in Benefit Reduction A
    tl_rawho Describes the type of assistance units that are affected by Benefit Reduction A
    tl_rahow Describes how the benefit is reduced in Benefit Reduction A
    tl_rbmos Describes the number of months an assistance unit can receive benefits before their benefit is reduced in Benefit Reduction B
    tl_rbwho Describes the type of assistance units that are affected by Benefit Reduction B
    tl_rbhow Describes how the benefit is reduced in Benefit Reduction B
    tl_rcmos Describes the number of months an assistance unit can receive benefits before their benefit is reduced in Benefit Reduction C
    tl_rcwho Describes the type of assistance units that are affected by Benefit Reduction C
    tl_rchow Describes how the benefit is reduced in Benefit Reduction C
    tl_rimpl Captures the Benefit Reduction implementation date
    tl_rwhen Describes when the Benefit Reduction Limit begins for the assistance unit
    tl_rdoth Includes any special notes on Benefit Reduction
    tl_extyp Captures how the extension policy is implmented in the state. Basically, this variable describes if the state has a set policy on granting extensions or if each case is evaluated on its own personal merits
    tl_steex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which benefits were received in another state
    tl_steen Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which benefits were received in another state
    tl_stelg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which benefits were received in another state
    tl_wavex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months, after TANF began, in which benefits were received under a waiver
    tl_waven Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months, after TANF began, in which benefits were received under a waiver
    tl_wavlg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months, after TANF began, in which benefits were received under a waiver
    tl_divex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which a diversionary payment was received
    tl_diven Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which a diversionary payment was received
    tl_divlg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which a diversionary payment was received
    tl_minex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which a minor parent received benefits as a unit head
    tl_minen Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which a minor parent received benefits as a unit head
    tl_minlg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which a minor parent received benefits as a unit head
    tl_eldex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which the unit head is elderly
    tl_elden Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which the unit head is elderly
    tl_eldlg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which the unit head is elderly
    tl_chlex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which the unit head is caring for a young child
    tl_chlen Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which the unit head is caring for a young child
    tl_chllg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which the unit head is caring for a young child
    tl_illex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which the unit head is ill/incapacitated/disabled
    tl_illen Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which the unit head is ill/incapacitated/disabled
    tl_illlg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which the unit head is ill/incapacitated/disabled
    tl_creex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which the unit head cares for an ill/incapacitated/disabled adult relative or child
    tl_creen Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which the unit head cares for an ill/incapacitated/disabled adult relative or child
    tl_crelg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which the unit head cares for an ill/incapacitated/disabled adult relative or child
    tl_tmtex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which the unit head participates in drug, alcohol, or mental health treatment
    tl_tmten Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which the unit head participates in drug, alcohol, or mental health treatment
    tl_tmtlg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which the unit head participates in drug, alcohol, or mental health treatment
    tl_dvlex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which the assistance unit is fleeing from or receiving treatment for domestic violence or abuse
    tl_dvlen Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which the assistance unit is fleeing from or receiving treatment for domestic violence or abuse
    tl_dvllg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which the assistance unit is fleeing from or receiving treatment for domestic violence or abuse
    tl_njrex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which the unit head is not job ready due to limited job skills, poor education, and/or illiteracy
    tl_njren Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which the unit head is not job ready due to limited job skills, poor education, and/or illiteracy
    tl_njrlg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which the unit head is not job ready due to limited job skills, poor education, and/or illiteracy
    tl_nssex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which support services are not available
    tl_nssen Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which support services are not available
    tl_nsslg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which support services are not available
    tl_uneex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which jobs are unavailable due to high local unemployment
    tl_uneen Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which jobs are unavailable due to high local unemployment
    tl_unelg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for monthsin which jobs are unavailable due to high local unemployment
    tl_nrqex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which unit head is not required to participate in work activities
    tl_nrqen Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which unit head is not required to participate in work activities
    tl_nrqlg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which unit head is not required to participate in work activities
    tl_jobex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which unit head works at an unsubsidized job
    tl_joben Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which unit head works at an unsubsidized job
    tl_joblg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which unit head works at an unsubsidized job
    tl_copex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which the unit head has fully cooperated with program requirements and still cannot find employment
    tl_copen Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which the unit head has fully cooperated with program requirements and still cannot find employment
    tl_coplg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which the unit head has fully cooperated with program requirements and still cannot find employment
    tl_sncex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which the unit is sanctioned
    tl_sncen Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which the unit is sanctioned
    tl_snclg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which the unit is sanctioned
    tl_ot1de Describes any other extension/exemption (#1).
    tl_ot1ex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for Other #1.
    tl_ot1en Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for Other #1
    tl_ot1lg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for Other #1.
    tl_ot2de Describes any of other extension/exemption (#2).
    tl_ot2ex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for Other #2.
    tl_ot2en Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for Other #2.
    tl_ot2lg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for Other #2.
    tl_ot3de Describes any other extension/exemption (#3).
    tl_ot3ex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for Other #3.
    tl_ot3en Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for Other #3.
    tl_ot3lg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for Other #3.
    tl_ot4de Describes any other extension/exemption (#4).
    tl_ot4ex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for Other #4.
    tl_ot4en Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for Other #4.
    tl_ot4lg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for Other #4.
    tl_ot5de Describes any other extension/exemption (#5).
    tl_ot5ex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for Other #5.
    tl_ot5en Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for Other #5.
    tl_ot5lg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for Other #5.
    tl_exadd Captures any additional notes on the application of extensions and exemptions.
    tl_exmax Captures the maximum number of extensions or maximum months of extended benefits.
    tl_nolmt Describes the funding source or program change that occurs when a non-exempt assistance unit continues to receive benefits after they have reached the federal or state time limit.
    tl_fsmef Includes any information on how other programs, such as Food Stamps, child care, Medicaid and General Assistance, are affected by the termination of benefits due to the expiration of a time limit.
    tl_workreq Captures when a parent is excluded from the assistance unit due to time limits, is he or she still required to participate in work-related activities.
    tl_pregex Describes which time limit(s) exempt units for months in which the unit head is pregnant.
    tl_pregen Describes which time limit(s) extend benefits to units for months in which the unit head
    tl_preglg Describes how long benefits are extended to units for months in which the unit head is pregnant
    tl_pregmo Describes the month of pregnancy in which the unit head is exempt/receives an extension
    tl_eldyr Describes the age (in years) in which the unit head is considered elderly for an exemption/extension
    tl_chlmo Unit head is exempt/receives an extension if caring for a child under X months.
    tl_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Transitional benefits

    The Transitional Benefits category describes the services that assistance units are eligible for after losing AFDC/TANF benefits. This category focuses on transitional child care and transitional Medicaid; however, any other transitional benefits a state offers are also captured in this category.
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table IV.D.1 Transitional Cash Benefits


    Variable Description
    tb_tcpvd Indicates whether a state provides Transitional Child Care to some or all former program participants.
    tb_tcltd Indicates whether a state limits Transitional Child Care benefits to cases that are closed because the unit's income exceeds the eligibility limits due to increased hours of work, increased earnings or the expiration of earned income disregards.
    tb_tccls Describes other situations in which a unit may lose benefits and still remain eligible for Transitional Child Care.
    tb_tcdur Describes the duration of prior assistance receipt required for a unit to be eligible for Transitional Child Care.
    tb_tcmos Indicates the number of months Transitional Child Care is available without income eligibility restrictions.
    tb_tcres Indicates whether the state has any income eligibility restrictions for Transitional Child Care.
    tb_tcmax Describes the maximum income allowed to receive Transitional Child Care and how this restriction is applied.
    tb_tcoth Describes any additional rules that apply to Transitional Child Care.
    tb_tmpvd Indicates whether state provides Transitional Medicaid coverage to some or all former program participants.
    tb_tmltd Indicates whether a state limits Transitional Medicaid to cases that are closed because the unit's income exceeds the eligibility limits due to increased hours of work, increased earnings or the expiration of earned income disregards.
    tb_tmcls Describes other situations in which a unit may lose benefits and still remain eligible for Transitional Medicaid.
    tb_tmdur Describes the duration of prior assistance receipt required for a unit to be eligible for Transitional Medicaid.
    tb_tmmos Captures the number of months that Transitional Medicaid is available.
    tb_tmnof Captures the length of time Transitional Medicaid is provided without fees.
    tb_tmsch Describes the premium schedule used for Transitional Medicaid after the period of no fees has been reached.
    tb_tmmax Describes the maximum income rules for Transitional Medicaid.
    tb_tmemp Indicates whether Medicaid funds can be used to pay an assistance unit's expenses for employer provided insurance during Transitional Medicaid receipt (Known as a "wraparound" option.)
    tb_tmscp Indicates whether the scope of Transitional Medicaid coverage is limited after the period of no fee has been reached.
    tb_tmalt Indicates whether states offer any alternative medical coverage for former recipients.
    tb_tmoth Describes additional rules that apply to Transitional Medicaid.
    tb_other Describes additional transitional benefits a state provides (other than child care and medical benefits).
    tb_cbpvd Indicates whether the state provides a cash benefit to some or all participants transitioning off basic TANF assistance.
    tb_cbltd Describes whether transitional cash benefits are limited to cases closed or facing case closure due to increased hours of work, increased earnings, or duration of work (sometimes referred to as worker supplement programs).
    tb_cbwor Indicates whether the receipt of transitional cash benefits is tied to continuing participation in work activities.
    tb_cbhrs If the receipt of transitional cash benefits is tied to work participation, indicates the minimum number of hours of work required.
    tb_cbx$s Indicates the dollar amount value per month of transitional cash benefits.
    tb_cbymo Indicates the duration (in months) of transitional cash benefits.
    tb_cbspe Indicates whether the receipt of transitional cash benefits is limited to special needs related to employment, such as tools, professional fees, or uniform costs.
    tb_cblim Indicates whether the transitional cash benefit counts against the federal or, if applicable, state time limit.
    tb_cbinc Indicates whether the family's income must be below a certain level to begin or continue receiving the transitional cash benefits.
    tb_cbcsc Describes the effect of transitional cash benefit receipt on the state's treatment of child support collections.
    tb_ttpvd Indicates whether transitional transportation assistance is provided to some or all former program participants.
    tb_tttyp Describes the type of transitional transportation benefits offered.
    tb_ttx$s Indicates the maximum dollar amount per month in transitional transportation benefits.
    tb_ttymo Indicates the maximum duration of transitional transportation benefit receipt.
    tb_ttltd Indicates whether transitional transportation assistance is limited to cases closed due to increased hours of work, increased earnings, or duration of work.
    tb_cmpvd Indicates whether case management services (such as employment counseling, caseworker assistance with assessment, information, referrals, and self-sufficiency plan development) is provided for some or all program participants.
    tb_cmltd Indicates whether receipt of transitional case management services is limited to cases closed due to increased hours of work, increased earnings, or duration of work.
    tb_cmmos Indicates the maximum number of months case management services are available.
    tb_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag


  • Treatment of Additional Adults in Household

    This category handles the Treatment of Additional Adults in Household
    [Full category documentation]

    Key Databook Tables that Use Information from this Category:

    Table I.B.10 Inclusion of SSI Recipients in the Assistance Unit
    Table I.B.11 Inclusion of Nonparent Caretakers in the Assistance Unit
    Table I.B.8 Treatment of Noncaretaker Adults in Household


    Variable Description
    ta_relel Indicates whether an adult relative (sometimes called an essential person) living in the household with a parent caretaker and children is included in the unit.
    ta_parel Indicates whether an adult, nonrelative partner (a boyfriend or girlfriend who is not the parent of a child in the unit) living in the household with a parent caretaker and children is included in the unit.
    ta_nrnel Indicates whether an adult, nonrelative nonpartner (e.g. an adult friend with no children) living in the household with a parent caretaker and children is included in the unit.
    ta_incon Indicates whether income of a noncaretaker adult who is living in the household but not included in the assistance unit is counted as unearned income toward the unit's eligibility or benefit calculations.
    ta_inwho Describes which types of adults' income are counted as unearned income.
    ta_inamt Describes what portion of the noncaretaker adult's income is counted.
    ta_intes Indicates whether the income counted from a noncaretaker adult is counted as unearned income toward the unit's eligibility and/or benefit calculations.
    ta_prora Indicates whether a state prorates benefits for units living in households with persons excluded from the unit.
    ta_prwhn Describes the circumstances under which proration is applied to the eligibility and/or benefit calculations of the unit.
    ta_prwho Indicates which living arrangements cause the state to reduce the unit's benefits.
    ta_pramt Describes how the prorated benefit amount is calculated.
    ta_prtes Indicates whether the reduction in benefit for sharing shelter costs impacts the unit's eligibility and/or benefit calculations.
    ta_DatabookRecord DatabookRecord Eligibility Flag